The Information Source of Turkey
RELEASE DATE: 04 February 2021
Data Dissemination Group
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No: 37210 04 February 2021 Hrs: 10:00
The Results of Address Based Population Registration System, 2020
The population of Turkey became 83 million 614 thousand 362 people
The population residing in Turkey increased by 459 thousand 365 people compared to the previous year, and reached to 83 million 614 thousand 362 people as of 31 December 2020. Male population was 41 million 915 thousand 985 people and female population was 41 million 698 thousand 377 people. While 50.1% of the total population were males, 49.9% of the total population were females.
According to the results of Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS), foreign population(1) residing in Turkey decreased by 197 thousand 770 people and became 1 million 333 thousand 410 people. 49.7% of this population were males and 50.3% of this population were females.
Annual population growth rate of Turkey was 5.5 in thousands
Annual population growth rate decreased to 5.5 per thousand in 2020 from 13.9 per thousand in 2019.
Population and annual population growth rate, 2007-2020
Proportion of population living in province and district centers was 93%
Proportion of population residing in province and district centers, which was 92.8% in 2019, became 93% in 2020. Besides, proportion of population living in towns and villages decreased to 7% from 7.2%.
The population of İstanbul became 15 million 462 thousand 452 people
The population residing in İstanbul decreased by 56 thousand 815 people compared to the previous year and declined to 15 million 462 thousand 452 people. İstanbul, constituting 18.49% of Turkey's population, was followed by Ankara with 5 million 663 thousand 322 inhabitants, İzmir with 4 million 394 thousand 694 inhabitants, Bursa with 3 million 101 thousand 833 inhabitants and Antalya with 2 million 548 thousand 308 inhabitants.
The first 5 provinces with the largest population by sex, 2020
The least populated province was Bayburt with 81 thousand 910
Bayburt was the least populated province with 81 thousand 910 inhabitants. This province was followed by Tunceli with 83 thousand 443 inhabitants, Ardahan with 96 thousand 161 inhabitants, Gümüşhane with 141 thousand 702 inhabitants and Kilis with 142 thousand 792 inhabitants.
The first 5 provinces with the lowest population by sex, 2020
Structural change in population pyramid continued
Population pyramids are the graphs that show the changes in the age-sex structure of the population. When the population pyramids of Turkey were compared for the years 2007 and 2020, it was seen that the elderly population and median age increased due to the decline in the fertility and mortality rates.
Population pyramid, 2007, 2020
Median age of Turkey's population increased to 32.7
The median age is the age of the person in the middle when the ages of the all people in the population are sorted from the new-born baby to the oldest. Median age is also one of the important indicators used in the interpretation of the age structure of the population.
The median age of the population in Turkey increased to 32.7 in 2020 from 32.4 in 2019. When it was analysed by sex, it was seen that the median age increased from 31.7 to 32.1 for males while it increased from 33.1 to 33.4 for females.
Median age by sex, 2007-2020
While Sinop had the highest median age, Şanlıurfa had the lowest median age
When the median age was examined by provinces, it was seen that Sinop had the highest median age with 41.4. This province was followed by Balıkesir and Kastamonu with 40.6. On the other side, Şanlıurfa had the lowest median age with 20.4. This province was followed by Şırnak with 21.2 and Ağrı with 22.3.
Sinop had the highest median age for both males and females
When the median age was examined by sex and provinces, it was seen that, for the male population, Sinop had the highest median age with 40.2 and Şanlıurfa had the lowest median age with 20. For the female population, Sinop had the highest median age with 42.7 while Şanlıurfa and Şırnak had the lowest median age with 20.9.
The first 5 provinces with the highest and the lowest median age by sex, 2020
Proportion of population in working age group was 67.7%
The proportion of the working age population aged 15-64 increased from 66.5% in 2007 to 67.7% in 2020. On the other hand, the proportion of child population aged 0-14 decreased from 26.4% to 22.8% and the proportion of population aged 65 and over increased from 7.1% to 9.5%.
Proportion of population by age groups, 2007, 2020
Total age dependency ratio increased
Total age dependency ratio, which indicates the total number of children and elderly people per person in working age, increased from 47.5% in 2019 to 47.7% in 2020.
Child dependency ratio, which indicates the total number of children per person in working age, decreased from 34.1% to 33.7%. Elderly dependency ratio, which indicates the number of people aged 65 and over per person in working age, increased from 13.4% to 14.1%. In other words, every 100 people in working age were responsible for 33.7 children and 14.1 elders in Turkey for 2020.
Age dependency ratios, 2016-2020
Number of people per square kilometer was 109 for Turkey and 2 thousand 976 for İstanbul
The population density, which is the number of persons per square kilometer, increased by 1 person compared to 2019 and reached to 109 in 2020. İstanbul had the highest population density with 2 thousand 976 persons per square kilometer. This province was followed by Kocaeli with 553 persons and İzmir with 366 persons.
On the other side, similar to the previous year, Tunceli was the province which had the smallest population density with 11 persons per square kilometer. This province was followed by Ardahan and Erzincan with 20 persons.
Population density of Konya which has the largest surface area was 58 and population density of Yalova which has the smallest surface area was 326.
The next release on this subject will be on February, 2022._____________________________________________________________________________________________________
Populations of localities were calculated by considering the records of ABPRS, which is updated by the Ministry of Interior General Directorate of Civil Registration and Nationality, and the institutional population. According to the international definitions, persons who live in institutional places such as military barracks, prisons, nursing homes, university dormitories, etc. are included in the population of localities where the institutions are sited.
In addition, population of provinces, districts, municipalities, villages and quarters are determined according to the records of the National Address Database as of 31 December 2020.
(1) Foreign population covers individuals who are holding a valid residence/work permit at the reference day and individuals who have a valid address declaration at the reference day while holding an identity document equivalent to residence permit such as international protection identity document and the individuals who have already renounced his/her Turkish Republic citizenship and who have a valid address declaration at the reference day. In addition to Syrians under temporary protection, foreigners holding visas or residence permits shorter than 3 months with the purpose of training, tourism, scientific research, etc. are not covered.
|Address Based Population Registration System Statistics|
|Address Based Population Registration System Statistics|
|Foreign population by country of citizenship|
|Foreign population by provinces and sex|
|Population by province, single age and sex|
|Province of civil registration by province of residence|
|Average Size of Households by Provinces|
|Age Dependency Ratio by Provinces|
|Median Age by Provinces and Sex|
|Population of Province/District Centers, Towns/Villages by Provinces and Districts and Annual Growth Rate Of Population|
|Median Age by Sex|
|Age Dependency Ratio|
|Number and Population of Municipalities|
|Population, Annual Growth Rate of Population, Number of Provinces, Districts, Towns, Villages and Population Density|
|Population by Province, Age Group and Sex|
|Population of Province / District Centers and Towns / Villages by Age Group and Sex|
|Population of Province / District Centers and Towns / Villages by Province and Sex, Population Density by Province|
|Population Size, Age and Sex Structure|
|Sex ratio by age group|
|Annual Growth Rate and Population Density of Provinces by Years|
|Population of Provinces by Years|
|Median Age by Years and Sex, Census of Population - ABPRS|
|Population by Years, Age Group and Sex, Census of Population - ABPRS|
|Population of Province / District Centers and Towns / Villages by Years and Sex, Census of Population - ABPRS|
There is no report for the press release.
According to the ABPRS, the first population census results on size and age-sex structure of the population by localities as of December 31, 2007 was announced to the public on January 21, 2008.
In the following years, ABPRS results by the end of the year (December 31st) have been announced to the public in the quarter of the year with a news release. Population statistics are produced from this system annually.
As population sizes are determined by province, district, municipality, village and neighbourhoods; administrative dependency, legal entity and name changes that are done by GDCRN in accordance with relevant legislation and administrative registers are taken into consideration related to place of residence in the NAD.