The Information Source of Turkey
RELEASE DATE: 12 April 2021
Data Dissemination Group
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No: 37487 12 April 2021 Hrs: 10:00
Labour Force Statistics, February 2021
In the Household Labour Force Survey as of January 2021, simultaneously with the European Union (EU) countries; new regulations have been made in order to comply with the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS) Resolutions of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and the relevant EU regulations. With the 19th ICLS, supplementary indicators were defined in addition to employment and unemployment in order to better follow the developments in the labour market. These supplementary indicators, which are published by the Statistical Office of the European Union (Eurostat), have started to be included in this press release.
In addition, Labour Force Statistics which are published as 3 months moving averages in current have been published as independent monthly estimates since 2021. Detailed information on the new regulations can be found in the metadata.
Seasonally adjusted unemployment rate realized as 13.4%
The number of unemployed persons aged 15 years old and over increased by 250 thousand to 4 million 236 thousand persons in the February 2021 in Turkey compared to the previous month. The unemployment rate occurred as 13.4% with 0.7 percentage point increase.
Seasonally adjusted employment rate realized as 43.4%
The number of employed persons decreased by 22 thousand to 27 million 477 thousand persons in the period of February 2021 compared to the previous month. The employment rate occurred as 43.4% with 0.1 percentage point decrease.
Seasonally adjusted labour force participation rate realized as 50.1%
The number of persons in the labour force realized 31 million 712 thousand persons with 226 thousand persons increase in February 2021 compared to the previous month. Labour force participation rate was 50.1% with 0.3 percentage point increase.
Seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators, 15 + age, (Thousand), February 2021
Youth unemployment rate was 26.9%, employment rate was 28.1%
The youth unemployment rate in the 15-24 age group was 26.9% with 0.4 percentage point increase compared to the previous month and the employment rate was 28.1% with 0.3 percentage point decrease. The labour force participation rate in this age group realized as 38.5% with 0.1 percentage points decrease compared to the previous month.
Seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators, 15-24 age group, (%), February 2021
55.8% of seasonally adjusted employment was in the services sector
In February 2021, the number of agricultural employment decreased by 52 thousand persons, industry decreased by 166 thousand persons while construction increased by 37 thousand persons and services increased by 157 thousand persons. According to the distribution of employment by sector; 17.4% was employed in agriculture, 20.8% was employed in industry, 6.0% was employed in construction and 55.8% was employed in services.
Seasonally adjusted composite measure of labour underutilization rate realized as 28.3%
In February 2021, the rate of composite measure of labour underutilization consisting of time-related underemployment, potential labour force and unemployment was 28.3% with 1.2 percentage point decrease compared to the previous month. While combined rate of time-related underemployment and unemployment realized as 19.8%, combined rate of unemployment and potential labour force realized as 22.5%.
Seasonally adjusted supplementary labour force indicators, February 2019-February 2021
Non-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate realized as 14.1%, employment rate realized as 42.9%
Non-seasonally adjusted unemployment rate realized as 14.1% with 0.6 percentage point increase compared to the same month of the previous year. The number of unemployed persons increased by 206 thousand to 4 million 445 thousand persons compared to the same month of the previous year.
Non-seasonally adjusted employment rate realized as 42.9% with 0.7 percentage point decrease compared to the same month of the previous year. The number of employed persons estimated as 27 million 150 thousand persons with 69 thousand persons increase compared to the same month of the previous year.
Non-seasonally adjusted labour force participation rate was 49.9% with 0.5 percentage point decrease compared to the same month of the previous year. The number of labour force estimated as 31 million 595 thousand persons with 275 thousand persons increase compared to the same month of the previous year.
The rate of unregistered employment in the non-agricultural sector was 16.7%
In February 2021, the rate of unregistered employment, which indicates the share of employment who are not affiliated with social security institution in total employment realized as 27.4% with 2.8 percentage point decrease compared to the same month of the previous year. The rate of unregistered employment in the non-agricultural sector realized as 16.7% with 3.6 percentage point decrease compared to the same month of the previous year.
The next release on this subject will be on May 10, 2021.
|Labor Force Status of the Population|
|Seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators (15+ age)|
|Seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators (15-24 age)|
|Main labour force indicators (15+ age)|
|Main labour force indicators (15-24 age)|
|Unemployment and Additional Indicators|
|Supplementary indicators for labour force|
|Seasonally adjusted supplementary indicators for labour force|
|Employment by economic activities|
|Employment by social security registration status|
|Seasonally adjusted employment by economic activities|
There is no report for the press release.
Coverage of persons: All private households who are living in the territory of Republic of Turkey are covered. Residents of schools, dormitories, kindergartens, rest homes for elderly persons, special hospitals, military barracks and recreation quarters for officers are not covered.
Geographical coverage: All settlements in Turkey have been covered in sample selection.
Method of Sampling: For Household Labour Force Survey, two-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used. Based on adress, a rotation pattern is formed to ensure a 50% of overlap between two consecutive periods and in the same periods of the two consecutive years and 8 sub samples have been used at each period. In design of the study, sample size has been equally distributed to the weeks, which will be applied in each term. In determining sample volume size Eurostat regulation numbered 577/98 is based on. In design of the study, administrative division of the year 2014 is based on. The estimate size of the study is periodically the whole Turkey, annualy is the NUTS Level 2.
Weighing: Weighting is a method used to obtain parameters from the data set resulting from sampling so as to represent the universe. In the study, while reaching the final weight, the design weights have been calculated depending on the selection criteria; have been controlled for external distribution and corrected for non-responses. In weightning, age group, gender, NUTS Level 2, urban-rural and household size are based on as external control.
Data sources: Data were collected from the households which were selected by defined sampling method. Statistical unit used is “household” in labour force surveys. Demographic information (age, sex, educational status, relationship to household head) is asked to all members of the household. But, questions on labour force status are asked for persons 15 years old and over.
Data collection method: Before 2020 for the purpose of data collection Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) mode had been carried out. In 2020 and beyond a mixed data collection method in which both Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) and Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) modes are used together is applied.