The Information Source of Turkey
RELEASE DATE: 10 December 2020
Data Dissemination Group
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No: 33793 10 December 2020 Hrs: 10:00
Labour Force Statistics, September 2020
Unemployment rate realized as 12.7%
The number of unemployed persons aged 15 years old and over decreased by 550 thousand to 4 million 16 thousand persons in the period of September 2020 in Turkey compared with the same period of the previous year. The unemployment rate occurred as 12.7% with 1.1 percentage point decrease. Non-agricultural unemployment rate occurred as 14.9% with 1.5 percentage point decrease.
Employment rate realized as 44.1%
The number of employed persons decreased by 733 thousand to 27 million 707 thousand persons in the period of September 2020 compared with the same period of the previous year. The employment rate occurred as 44.1% with 2.0 percentage point decrease.
In this period, the number of agricultural employment decreased by 350 thousand persons, industry decreased by 29 thousand persons and services decreased by 520 thousand persons while construction increased by 166 thousand persons. According to the distribution of employment by sector; 18.5% was employed in agriculture, 19.9% was employed in industry, 6.3% was employed in construction and 55.3% was employed in services.
Labour force participation rate realized as 50.5%
The number of persons in the labour force realized 31 million 724 thousand persons with 1 million 282 thousand persons decrease in the period of September 2020 compared with the same period of the previous year. Labour force participation rate was 50.5% with 3.0 percentage point decrease.
Non-seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators, 15 + age, (Thousand), September 2019, September 2020
The rate of unregistered employment realized as 32.2%
The ratio of persons working without any social security relating to the main job occurred 32.2% with 3.8 percentage point decrease in the period of September 2020 compared with the same period of the previous year. The rate of unregistered employment realized as 20.3% with 3.3 percentage point decrease in the non-agricultural sector compared to the same period of the previous year.
For 15-64 age group, unemployment rate realized as 12.9% and employment rate realized as 49.0%
For the 15-64 age group, the unemployment rate occurred as 12.9% with 1.2 percentage point decrease and non-agricultural unemployment rate occurred as 15.0% with 1.5 percentage point decrease compared to the same period of the previous year. In this age group, employment rate occurred as 49.0% with 1.8 percentage point decrease and labour force participation rate occurred as 56.2% with 2.9 percentage point decrease.
Non-seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators, 15-64 age group, (%), September 2019, September 2020
Youth unemployment rate realized as 24.3%, employment rate realized as 31.6%
The youth unemployment rate between aged 15-24 years realized as 24.3% with 1.8 percentage point decrease and the youth employment rate realized as 31.6% with 2.4 percentage point decrease compared with the same period of the previous year. In the same period, labour force participation rate realized as 41.8% with 4.2 percentage point decrease. The rate of neither in employment nor in education realized as 29.1% with 0.5 percentage point increase compared with the same period of the previous year.
Non-seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators, 15-24 age group, (%), September 2019, September 2020
Seasonally adjusted unemployment rate realized as 12.7%, employment rate realized as 43.3%
Seasonally adjusted unemployment rate realized as 12.7% with 0.4 percentage point decrease. The number of unemployed persons decreased by 125 thousand to 3 million 944 thousand persons.
Seasonally adjusted employment rate realized as 43.3% with 0.3 percentage point increase. The number of employed persons estimated as 27 million 200 thousand persons with 226 thousand persons increase compared with the same period of the previous year.
Seasonally adjusted labour force participation rate was 49.6% with 0.1 percentage point increase. The number of labour force estimated as 31 million 144 thousand persons with 101 thousand persons increase.
According to the seasonally adjusted number of employment by sectors, employment in agriculture decreased by 37 thousand persons while industry increased by 57 thousand persons, construction increased by 15 thousand persons and services increased by 191 thousand persons.
Employment by sectors, September 2018 - September 2020
The next release on this subject will be on January 11, 2021.
In the period of September 2020, results published in this press release includes 31st-44thweeks period including August, September and October 2020.
|Unemployment and Additional Indicators|
|Supplementary indicators for labour force|
|Seasonally adjusted supplementary indicators for labour force|
|Labor Force Status of the Population|
|Main labour force indicators (15-24 age)|
|Main labour force indicators (15+ age)|
|Seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators (15-24 age)|
|Seasonally adjusted main labour force indicators (15+ age)|
|Employment by social security registration status|
|Employment by economic activities|
|Seasonally adjusted employment by economic activities|
|Periodic Results of Labour Force Statistics|
|Summary Labour Statistics|
|Reasons of not Being in Labour Force|
|Seasonally Adjusted Main Labour Force Indicators|
|Economic Activity of employment (NACE Rev.2)|
|Labour Force Status of Population|
There is no report for the press release.
Coverage of persons: All private households who are living in the territory of Republic of Turkey are covered. Residents of schools, dormitories, kindergartens, rest homes for elderly persons, special hospitals, military barracks and recreation quarters for officers are not covered.
Geographical coverage: All settlements in Turkey have been covered in sample selection.
Method of Sampling: For Household Labour Force Survey, two-stage stratified cluster sampling method was used. Based on adress, a rotation pattern is formed to ensure a 50% of overlap between two consecutive periods and in the same periods of the two consecutive years and 8 sub samples have been used at each period. In design of the study, sample size has been equally distributed to the weeks, which will be applied in each term. In determining sample volume size Eurostat regulation numbered 577/98 is based on. In design of the study, administrative division of the year 2014 is based on. The estimate size of the study is periodically the whole Turkey, annualy is the NUTS Level 2.
Weighing: Weighting is a method used to obtain parameters from the data set resulting from sampling so as to represent the universe. In the study, while reaching the final weight, the design weights have been calculated depending on the selection criteria; have been controlled for external distribution and corrected for non-responses. In weightning, age group, gender, NUTS Level 2, urban-rural and household size are based on as external control.
Data sources: Data were collected from the households which were selected by defined sampling method. Statistical unit used is “household” in labour force surveys. Demographic information (age, sex, educational status, relationship to household head) is asked to all members of the household. But, questions on labour force status are asked for persons 15 years old and over.
Data collection method: Before 2020 for the purpose of data collection Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) mode had been carried out. In 2020 and beyond a mixed data collection method in which both Computer Assisted Personal Interviewing (CAPI) and Computer Assisted Telephone Interviewing (CATI) modes are used together is applied.